Vulnerability of Agriculture to Climate Change: Validating Country Report

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) in collaboration with Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in East and Central Africa (ASARECA) prepared document on Vulnerability of Agriculture to Climate Change in Ethiopia.The document,among other things, includes assessment of natural resources and the environment for climate negotiators in order to address vulnerability of agricultural sector to climate change; it also highlights policies and programs already primed to smooth the progress of adaptation and identify cracks that should be fixed adequately. The main purpose of the report is to facilitate the intent of policymakers and researchers for a better understanding of the impacts that could be faced because of climate change on agriculture, consequently on vulnerable households in the country; eventually this anticipates appropriate and sustained decisions to be made.
To make the document a qualified one, a one-day consultative workshop was arranged at the headquarters of EIAR on 06 November 2010. The objectives of the workshop are engaging stakeholders in dialogue about the document, and solicit inputs for the betterment of the report.
The workshop was opened by the Director of Soils and Water Research Directorate of EIAR, Dr Tolesa Debele. In his opening address, the Director emphasized on pertinent as regardsglobal climate issues and their relevance to our situation, evidences on climate change in the country, and key issues on adapting climate change by protecting the environment andbiodiversity. He also noted that all stakeholders should be able to act collectively to avert the risk of climate change.
As part of the dialogue, several points were identified, taken up, and incorporated in the document. The main points stemmed from the dialogue span on current situations and trends emphasizing on economic and demographic indicators including population trends, income trends, well-being trends, land cover and land use, travel time to cities with various population sizes, harvest areas of leading agricultural commodities, and yield of rainfed crops.
As an output of the consultative workshop, participants put forward the following points:
•Ethiopian agriculture is the most vulnerable sector to climate change;
•The country should be prepared to adapt climate change;
•A range of adaptation strategies to climate change should be proposed and executed;
•Various implementation schemes should be considered and implemented as multi-institutional tasks; and
•Future agricultural research for development should be climate proof by mainstreaming adaptation issues as critical agenda

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